in-studio RECORDING OPTIONS
TRACK BY TRACK MULTI-TRACK RECORDING
Each instrument is recorded individually to guide tracks (either recorded or played live), and the parts are built up one by one.
Each sound source is isolated, without spill from other instruments.
It gives the most flexibility for later mixdown options and overdubs/editing, due to the lack of spill between sound sources.
You can concentrate on getting each part right before moving to the next.
This method is ideal for some complex arrangements, and where tightness is vital.
ALL IN ONE ROOM SIMULTANEOUS MULTI-TRACK RECORDING
This method is ideal for when a group feels most comfortable playing in the same room as each other.
Each sound source is balanced in the room prior to recording, mic'd up and the musicians play the piece all in the same room at the same time.
Often you can't beat the feel of a great live take.
Sometimes spill between various sound sources is an asset to the final mix rather than a hinderance.
There is the option to over dub further instruments/vocals afterwards. Also there are still various editing/mixdown options available using this method.
This can be the fastest method if everyone is playing on form.
This method lends itself particularly well to acoustic groups such as those often found in folk music, where the nuanced ebb and flow of a live performance is vital.
SIMULTANEOUS MULTI-ROOM MULTI-TRACK RECORDING
This method is somewhere in between track by track and all in one room.
Musicians can see each other and hear each other while performing at the same time, but have isolated original sound sources in different rooms.
Here you get the benefit of the energy from a live performance, but each sound source can be overdubbed or edited easily if required, leading to a very tight result.
The full scope of mixdown options are preserved.
This method is sometimes used to build up a complex arrangement section by section. For example, the rhythm section, the guitars, brass, vocals.
This can be an effective method when recording a complex arrangement that requires a lot of live energy and also dynamic power in the final mix.
We often use combinations of these methods on projects, its horses for courses!